ENGABAO

Context
By Galo Plaza

The Engabao Commune is now part of General Villamil Playas Canton located in the province of Guayas, Ecuador. Engabao, like San Antonio and Data, shares a common past with the neighboring communes of Morro. The elders say that they traveled to marry at the Church of the Morro and buried their dead at the scene. Engabao was known as Morro.

On August 2, 1989, General Villamil Playas Canton, being Engabao, San Antonio and Data within the territory of the new county is created.

Most people live in the Communal header and Puerto Engabao, a town of about 4200 inhabitants, about 200 in the Port and 4000 is calculated at the bedside.

Most people in the Port are individuals and families who came from different parts of the coast from El Niño in the year 1982 Don Felix Garcia, founder of the community tells that Puerto Engabao was 30 years ago a port for fishing coves, where the engines that fisherman uses were kept.

The commune is composed of 13 districts, which are: Heart, Four Corners, Simón Bolívar, November 2, Urdesa, Paradise, Briza Sea, Barrio Garaicoa, Las Peñas, May 6, Spain, Puerto Engabao, Barrio Central .

The origin story Engabao is blurred in the memory of the population, national censuses do not appear as indigenous and mestizos or cholos assume.

We often hear from the leaders, their immediate ancestor was the cacique Take it, it has character reference in the territories where the Punaes lived in the Gulf of Guayaquil.

The Biographical Dictionary of Rodolfo Perez Pimentel Ecuadorian, Diego Take it is narrated that possibly born around 1520 in the port of Buy, Old Puna, currently known as Puerto Rome. His father was the Cacique Francisco Y.

Tomala grew Diego witnessing the abuse of conquest. In 1541 came the uprising of the Indians of Puna, where they killed bishops and their companions, among the bishops was Fray Vicente Valverde, made on site raised Playas Jambelí Canal. In 1542 came the pacification of the island. Tomala Diego was recognized as "Don" in 1560 by King Philip II of Spain.

John of the A, current president of the Commune Engabao says a lot of interest in rescuing the historical memory of their ancestors. Soon they placed a bust of cacique Diego Tomalá in central park, replied that rests on Isla Puna.

Other leaders of the community share an interest in recovering their memories and come with great concern that gradually leave their elderly with many stories to tell and document.

Engabao is a commune of traditions and customs, have two celebrations, the last week of May to celebrate the Virgin of Sorrows, the feast that has 3-day tournament which made ​​Bike Path and the traditional despescuezado cock. After three months, organized the celebration of San Jacinto, which falls on August 1 and perform the same activities. The important civic holiday is on July 3, where out of schools and colleges parades and parties with bands take.

The Day of the Dead is highly respected and prepared in every house of the deceased's favorite food, including: seco de chivo, sweet rice, dried fish and lentils Moor. Children come to ask all households bread with the phrase "Angels are from heaven we come and we ordered bread."

Engabao is very productive in tourism and fishing, one of the most popular sites is the Playa de Puerto Engabao, it can perform some activities such as artisanal fishing, sport fishing, surfing, recreational boardwalks, soccer and volleyball. The activity is very busy for surf carnivals and invites international surfers. To meet the demand of tourism, the community has recently enabled community hospices and soup kitchens. Playa Paraiso you can find cabins room, although tourism here is more recent.

To manage tourism, there are two organizations. Servers The Travel Association Community and Tourism Development Committee

The potential of natural and cultural resources are huge, Engabao beach has throughout its territorial profile and archaeological remains found in burial sites. The commune also has a strong tradition of popular graph is displayed on the vessel, where they have represented religious images revered by fishermen.

At sea, you can find plenty of fish and including: corvina, snook, Berrugate, dogfish, and saw camotillo among others. Most of the villagers are engaged in artisanal fishing activity, occupation grandparents They performed buoy or raft and that was the major source of income then and now. In the past marketed Guaiacum wood and coal and Algarrobo and elders tell sobreros producing straw hats. Masonry and it was also a source of income.

Artisanal fishing involves the head of household and in some cases also for mothers and children. You can see support activities provided by a third party called "strong men", men that drive the fishing boats through alternating wooden stools, because the beach does not have a proper port, taking in many cases to overcome the waves to get out shore.

The burly boots are also engine and towed the boats until they were properly accommodated for the next day. Charge for their services at night having a plastic bucket filled with fish.

It can be seen at night, from the tip site of stone, the beach becomes a spectacle of lights and whistles, activating the classification of fishing, slaughter and trade.

Artisanal fishing is organized into two cooperatives that associate a number approaching 300 vessels. Engabao has three public schools and three private, also has a school named Cacique Tumbala, a minority of young people go to schools located in Playas Villamil.